Energy requirement for the production of synthetic crude oil from Colorado oil shales.
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Energy requirement for the production of synthetic crude oil from Colorado oil shales.

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Published by Open University in Milton Keynes .
Written in English


Book details:

Edition Notes

SeriesResearch reports -- ERG 012.
ContributionsOpen University. Energy Research Group.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20586014M

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  Oil shale - Oil shale - Environmental issues: The production of oil from shales has a potentially serious impact on the environment. Four specific areas of concern dominate discussion regarding development of the resource: greenhouse gas output, water consumption and pollution, surface disturbance, and socioeconomic effects. Because oil and gas are produced by heating oil shale and Small oil fields are expected to play an increasingly prominent role in the delivery of global crude oil production. As such, the Energy Return on Investment (EROI) parameter for three small /_Energy_Return_on_Investment_EROI_of_Oil_Shale. Besides the oil, the plant is designed to produce about 2, tons/cd of petroleum coke, for use as plant fuel, and tons/cd of sulfur. The synthetic crude is flowing through a new mile pipeline to Edmonton. The new McMurray plant has the capability to continue at   Oil shale is mined in the northeastern part of Estonia at a depth of 10–70 meters. Eesti Energia is the largest oil shale processing company in the world, using around 15 million tons of oil shale per year for energy production. Oil shale can be used directly as a fuel for producing energy or synthetic ://

@article{osti_, title = {Heavy oil gasification}, author = {Pelofsky, A H}, abstractNote = {This book investigates the different technologies that can be employed to convert crude oil, especially the heavy crudes, to a substitute natural gas. Most of them are commercially proven and therefore can be placed on-stream relatively :// Oil shale, any sedimentary rock containing various amounts of solid organic material that yields petroleum products, along with a variety of solid by-products, when subjected to pyrolysis—a treatment that consists of heating the rock to above °C (about °F) in the absence of oxygen. The liquid oil extracted from oil shale, once it is upgraded, creates a type of synthetic crude oil Oil has been used for lighting purposes for many thousands of years. In areas where oil is found in shallow reservoirs, seeps of crude oil or gas may naturally develop, and some oil could simply be collected from seepage or tar ponds. Historically, we know of the tales of eternal fires where oil and gas seeps would ignite and :// Oil and gas regulation in the United States: overviewby Michael P Joy and Sashe D Dimitroff, BakerHostetler Related Content Law stated as at 01 Jun • USA (National/Federal)A Q&A guide to oil and gas regulation in the United Q&A gives a high level overview of the domestic oil and gas sector, rights to oil and gas, health safety and the environment, sale and trade in oil and

synthetic fuel A generic term applied to any manufactured fuel with the approximate composition and comparable specific energy of a natural fuel. In the broadest definition, a liquid fuel that is not derived from natural occurring crude oil is a synthetic fuel. Modern transportation fuels demand uniform physical properties produced from varying feed stocks with the chemical compositions Commercial oil shale production could protect the U.S. from threats to its energy supply posed by these countries. Venezuela also demonstrates another aspect of commercial oil shale production in the United States: money, and lots of it. The oil shale deposits in the U.S. are largely situated under lands controlled by the federal :// Energy executives expect continued volatility in the price-per-barrel of oil for the remainder of the year, with 64% predicting crude prices to exceed $ per barrel. The executives also foresee shale oil and gas having a transformative effect on helping to meet the world’s energy needs, according to the results John R. Dyni, in Encyclopedia of Energy, 1 Introduction. Oil shale is a low-unit-cost energy commodity that requires mining and retorting thousands of tons of oil shale per year to achieve profitability. For example, one short ton of a commercial grade oil shale from the Green River formation in Colorado assays about 35 U.S. gallons of shale oil per short ton of rock (approximately